Bird Watching Tour In Nepal
Nepal is not only known for the spectacular scenery of Mountain peaks and cultural contrasts. But, it is also famous as the paradise of a birdwatcher. Bird watching tour in Nepal is one of the best recreational activities to help you relax and rejoice the beauty of nature. Moreover, this tour helps you to enjoy the view of different species of birds through your naked eyes or by using different modern equipment like binoculars, telescope, etc.
Nepal is one of the best places for bird watching due to its diverse range of ecosystems from lowland subtropical forests right through to the high Alpine altitude in the Himalayas. Thanks to the diversity in habitat, over 850 species of birds have been recorded. That is more than any other region of comparable size in Asia. Likewise, Nepal is the home to about 10% of the world’s population of birds. The sight of rare birds generating great excitement, the beauty of nature and birds are the popular symbols of Nepal.
Bird Watching Tour in Nepal
The bird watching tour in Nepal takes you through the lowland jungle of Terai, Wildlife Reserves, and many other conservational areas and parks inside Nepal. The capital city of Kathmandu is home to more than 500 species. The popular places for bird watching around Kathmandu are Plulchowki, Godawari, Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park, Bagmati River, and Taudaha. Likewise, Chitwan National Park, Langtang National Park, Sagarmatha National Park, and Bardiya National Park also have a wide variety of birds. Similarly, Koshi Tappu and Parsa Wildlife Reserve is the home of the birds and wild animals.
The great opportunity to see different kinds of birds will make your trip memorable. You will be mesmerized with the enjoyable view of many species of birds along with the panoramic mountainous view. Also, you can enjoy glimpses of wild animals and explore the local people’s culture and traditions. Basically, Nepal is famous as the home of some endangered birds like Impeyan Pheasant, Nepal’s national bird (Danfe), and the Spiny Babbler. The bird watching program takes you to explore these rare species of birds. Furthermore, you will be exploring diverse wildlife in some famous National Parks of Nepal.
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Some Famous bird watching place in Nepal
Inside the Kathmandu Valley:
Kathmandu Valley has more species of birds compared to other places in Nepal. Almost 500 species of birds are found here. The Wetlands and open fields inside the Valley make it possible for a diverse habitat for many species of birds. There are 4 major bird-watching areas in the Valley. One can launch the bird watching on the banks of the Bagmati and Manohara rivers. The birds sighted along these rivers are the Egrets, Herons, Kingfishers, Ibisbill, Wood Sandpipers and Plovers. The Chovar Gorge is a good area for birds as its isolation from human habitation has encouraged their presence. So, this area is particularly recommended. Harboring 40 species of birds mostly dependent on wetlands, Taudaha, a lake on the way to Dakshinkali, attracts flocks of migrant birds.
Around the Kathmandu Valley
Phulchowki at 2760m is the highest of the mountains situated 20 km South-east of Kathmandu encircling the valley. Moreover, it provides an ideal introduction to the birds of Nepal. This area has a great density of bird species —around 300 species. Forest featuring outstanding flora as well as diverse birds cover the hillside trails and roads. Bird watchers in Phulchowki might encounter birds such as the endemic spring babbler. Likewise, you may also encounter with the Curia, Mountain Hawk Eagle, Rufous Bellied Pied Woodpeckers, the Black-throated Parrotbill, to name a few. The Blue-Napped Pitta and a Redheaded Trojan are the rare birds in the area.
At the foot of Phulchowki hill where the Royal Botanical Garden is located. Inside here over 100 species of bird including the Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo, Tibetan siskin, and the spotted forktail. The garden is a plantation containing exotic and local flora and is a ‘Garden of Dreams’ for birds and bird watchers.
Shivapuri Nagarjuna National Park:
Shivapuri National Park is one of the richest forest areas for bird watching trips in Nepal. The park is home for about 318 species of birds. The forest holds a significant population of three restricted-range bird species. Specifically, the spiny babbler which is also Nepal’s endemic bird, the Hoary-throated Barwing, and the White-throated Tit. This diversity is reflected in the avifauna of the area, including the Hill Partridge, Great Barbet, Wedge-Tailed Green Pigeon, Eurasian Jay, Kalij Pheasant, Nepal Fulvetta, Asian Paradise-Flycatcher, Rufous-bellied Woodpecker, Mountain Scoops Owl, and Grey-winged Blackbird. You can also see two globally threatened birds, the White-rumped Vulture, and Hodgeson’s Bush chat in this region. Shivapuri is a delight to the bird watchers who have an eye for exploration.
Nagarjun Hill has a royal retreat for members of the royal family. Therefore, it was and will remain a protected area. This area hosts birds such as the Northern Eagle Owl, Red-billed Blue Magpie, Long-tailed Mountain Thrush, Chestnut-headed Bee-Eater, Maroon Oriole, Large Hawk-Cuckoo, and Eurasian Woodcock.
Koshi Tappu and Parsa Wildlife Reserve:
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is in the eastern Terai to the Far East of Nepal. The situation on the Koshi flood plain results in the dramatic reserve variation of the environment according to the seasons. Along with about 26 varieties of Duck alone, Koshi is great for waterfowl and Waders. You can view the birds by boat, gliding through waters in the stillness of early morning and evenings.
A trip of Bird watching tour in Nepal in The Koshi Tappu wildlife reserve is a combination of scrub grassland and deciduous riverine forest. With over 450 species of birds recorded so far, this wildlife reserve is an amazing spot to find some very interesting birds. Including 20 species of duck, ibises, storks, swamp partridges (Francolins glairs), herons, egrets, Bengal Florian (Epidotic Bengalensis), Black Ibis, Honey Kites, Ospreys, Black Headed Orioles, Peregrine Falcon, Partridges and many other exotic and migratory waterfowl can be found here and not elsewhere in Nepal. The area reputed for bird haven is corroborated by the fact that it is the shelter of 13 Nepal’s nearly threatened bird species out of 22.
Chitwan National Park:
Chitwan National Park, established as the country’s first national park in 1973, is the best-known site for the bird watching tour in Nepal. Bird watching tour in Nepal is safer from a chair, the back of an elephant or a jeep. And if you wish to walk, you will be accompanied by a guide or a naturalist or by a preferable ornithologist. The area consists of Sal Forest, Riverine forest, and grasslands, with three rivers forming the boundaries of the park. You can see over half of Nepal’s total bird species in Chitwan, numbering 540 species. This number includes about two-thirds of the country’s globally threatened bird species. The Grey-crowned Prinia, Slender-billed Babbler and the Lesser Adjutant inhabit the Chitwan grasslands.
The park also holds the highest number of Nepal’s near-threatened bird species –15 out of 22. Including Ferruginous Pochard, Great Hornbill, Black-bellied Tern, Grey-headed and Lesser Fish Eagles, White-tailed Eagle, Cinereous and Red-headed Vultures, Pallid Harrier, Lager Falcon, Darter, Painted and Black-necked Storks, Rufous- rumped Grassbird and Yellow-breasted Bunting. Other bird includes Sarus Crane, Bengal, Lesser Florian, Indian Skimmer, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, Jerdon’s Babbler and curlews. The Bar-headed Goose, a trans-Himalayan migrant, is high in number around the Narayani River.
Bird watching tour in Nepal in the Trekking Regions:
This is the best combination to fulfill your desire to Trek in the high Himalaya and Bird Watching Tour in Nepal. The Langtang National Park in Langtang region, In Solukhumbu, Sagarmatha National Park and Annapurna region are the three main trekking areas in Nepal. These trekking areas offer a wide variety of species of birds.
Among these three regions, the Annapurna region will be the best choice. We say this because there are many species of birds in this region than the other two. The Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP) supports remarkable but delicate biodiversity, with 441 recorded species of birds. The Kali Gandaki valley is also a major migration pathway in the autumn with 40 species of birds.
Langtang National Park is the home of the red panda. However, this national park is also home to 347 species of birds so that trekking and bird watching trips inside this park is a great activity in Nepal.
Sagarmatha National Park is known as the Everest region. Inside this national park more than 450 species of birds you can watch and do a trek to the base camp of the top of the world.
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